People suffering from diabetes have a very important task to do concerning their health: to make their blood sugar level normal.
Why is this so important?
Glucose levels cannot be higher than normal, since this is the reason of inflammation in blood vessels and nerves. In turn, this is the cause of the complications characteristic for diabetes. It is the role of insulin to maintain the right level of sugars in the body. In the case of diabetics, this function of insulin does not work properly. That is why, we need to provide help by having a sensible diet, doing sports, removing stress and taking medicines or herbs. What is more, also too low blood sugars are not good and cause problems (dizziness, fainting or confusion).
Sugar or glucose level?
Sugar means glucose here. Glucose is a sugar which our bodies use the most. Fructose, lactose or starches are changed into glucose which is used to produce energy. Blood sugar and blood glucose mean the same. It is very important for diabetics to control the level of glucose in their blood. This level is usually given in (mg/dl) = milligrams per deciliter of blood (the USA), mmol/L = millimoles/liter (Canada, the UK). British and Canadian glucose levels can be easily converted to the American version by multiplying them by 18.
Normal glucose levels
The normal level of glucose will be different in different times of a day. If you do not have diabetes, your normal glucose level immediately after awakening should be under 100 (mg/dl), before meals –70-99 mg/dl and two hours after the meal it should not exceed 140 mg/dl.
If you have diabetes it will look a bit different. Your blood sugar before meals should be maintained on the 80-130 mg/dl level and 1-2 hours after eating it should be not higher than 180 mg/dl. It would be even better if you could make your levels similar to those of a healthy person. It demands more restricted diet and controlling your sugar more often, but it is possible.
Another way of checking your glucose levels is a long-term test a hemoglobin A1c or HbA1c. This takes into account your last 2-3 months. Your result is expressed in percentage: for a healthy person it will be no more than 5.7%. For people with diabetes the norm is below 7.0%
How to take care of your normal glucose level? Test it!
Testing your blood sugar should become your important habit. Only in this way you would be able to take a good care of it. You can do it using a fingerstick blood test or by continuous glucose monitor (CGM). CGM sensor is placed under your skin (usually on the abdomen) and it monitors your sugar levels.
If you have the Type 2 of diabetes and you do not take insulin, it is your preference how often you want to test your sugar. It is advisable to keep a record of your meals and activities and how they influence your glucose levels.